Chapter 1 Exchange Server Administration Overview. 1. Exchange Server ten use the term Exchange server (note the lowercase s in server) to refer to an actual server computer Adobe PDF documents, viewing, age limits, After all, the Exchange Release Candidate just became available for download last week. PDF download of chapters 1 (Microsoft Exchange Server I should note, however, that the eLearning Clinics do require. Exchange Server Client Access Licenses. Exchange .. Notes from the Field: “Assessing a Current Exchange Deployment” by Joseph Cirillo.
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Introduction xix. Chapter 1 Exchange Server Administration Overview Note Throughout this book, I refer to Exchange Server in different ways, and each . Note. It is possible to install Exchange Server SP1 on an Active . Note that Internet Information Server is needed on a Mailbox Server Role in order to. the past, the Exchange Server Installation Wizard will . NOTE. The Exchange Server management tools can be installed on a bit edition of.
In an Active Directory forest with a single domain this can all be performed as one task. The Active Directory schema update will automatically apply when you run Exchange Server setup on the first server in your environment. NET Framework version shown below to be installed first. NET Framework 4. These are high privilege groups I recommend you plan to remove your account from the groups when you're done with this task.
Note, if you've just added yourself to these groups you'll need to log out and back in to the server for the new group membership to take effect.
Prerequisites Before installing an Exchange Server , there are prerequisites that need to be installed on the server that is going to have Exchange installed. These pre-requisites can be installed either using a script or using the Graphical User Interface.
In addition, before you begin your Exchange install, be aware of the following: For e-mail messages to flow correctly, you must install both the Mailbox server role and the Hub Transport server role in the same Active Directory site. You can install the Mailbox server role, the Hub Transport server role, the Client Access server role, and the Unified Messaging server role on the same computer or on separate computers.
Prepare the forest and organization in Active Directory First we need to prepare our Schema. Since this is a new setup and not an upgrade or migration, I will perform the preparation on the domain controller in My Case: DC01 As we are preparing active directory schema we need Schema admin rights.
Preparing Active Directory
The account running the preparation must be a member of schema admins group on active directory. Open a command prompt on the domain controller with elevated privilege Run as command. Run Setup from the directory where your Exchange installation files are located. Run setup. Net framework 3. If they are not installed you can still install them here.
Click next and choose to either participate in Error reporting or no. Ok let me explain: some exchange roles cannot co-exist on the same server, for example Edge Transport and unified Messaging Role.
This was achieved by increasing the Exchange database page size from 4KB to 8KB and by using the Bit operating system. The memory scalability of the Bit platform makes it possible to use servers with huge amounts of memory, giving them the opportunity to cache information in memory instead of reading and writing everything to the disk.
Another goal was to allow multi GB mailboxes without any negative performance impact on the server. To make this possible, the database schema in Exchange Server has now been flattened, making the database structure used by the Exchange Server much less complex than it was in Exchange Server and earlier.
As a result of the flattened database schema, Microsoft has removed Single Instance Storage SIS from Exchange Server , but the improvements in performance are much more significant, and more-than-adequate compensation for the comparatively minor loss of SIS. Besides an Exchange Server implementation on premise, it is now also possible to host mailboxes in a datacenter; you can host your mailboxes with your own ISP, or with Microsoft Online Services.
This is, of course, fully transparent to end users, but it has its effects on the administration. Due to the new replication functionality, the Mailbox object is no longer tied to the Exchange Server object, but is now part of the Exchange Server organization.
Also, since the concept of Storage Groups is no longer relevant, their administration has been removed from both the Exchange Management Console and the Exchange Management Shell.
PowerShell cmdlets like New-StorageGroup, Get-StorageGroup, and so on, have also all been removed, although the options of these cmdlets have been moved into other cmdlets, like database-related cmdlets. This enables you to easily create scripts and use variables, and you now have an output window where you can quickly view the results of your PowerShell command or script. This gives you the option to remotely manage an Exchange Server server without the need to install the Exchange Management Tools on your workstation, and even via the Internet!
With this method, it is possible to create users, mailboxes, distribution groups, mail-enabled contact, management e-mail addresses etc. The Exchange Control Panel for basic management functions.
Active Directory is discussed throughout this book, as the Exchange Server has a much close relationship with AD than previous versions of Exchange Server.
When using a mixed hosting environment, Exchange Server can route messages from the datacenter to the on-premise environment with full transparency.
Exchange Server also offers at last enhanced disclaimers, making it possible to add HTML content to disclaimers to add images, hyperlinks, etc. To create a highly available and reliable routing model, the Hub Transport Servers in Exchange Server now contain Shadow Redundancy. A message is normally stored in a database on the Hub Transport Server and, in Exchange Server , the message is deleted as soon as it is sent to the next hop.
Installing the Exchange Server Mailbox Server Role
In Exchange Server , the message is only deleted after the next hop reports a successfully delivery of the message. If this is not reported, the Hub Transport Server will try to resend the message.
For more High Availability messaging support, the messages stay in the transport dumpster on a Hub Transport Server, and are only deleted if they are successfully replicated to all database copies. The database on the Hub Transport Server has also been improved on an ESE level, resulting in a higher message throughput on the transport level. This has been enhanced with new interfaces in Exchange Server , such as the option of tagging messages, cross mailbox searches and new transport rules and actions.
PST files. This makes it possible to offer Outlook Voice Access, enabling you to interact with the system using your voice, listen to voice mail messages, or have messages read to you. Exchange Server offers some new functionality like Voicemail preview, Messaging Waiting Indicator, integration with text SMS messages, additional language support etc.
Free Exchange Training Materials
From a performance standpoint, as with Exchange Server , the ratio of for Exchange Server processors to Global Catalog server processors still applies to Exchange Server Using a Bit version of Windows Server for Active Directory will naturally also increase the system performance.
However, for performance and security reasons it is recommended not to do this, and instead to install Exchange Server on a member server in a domain. Exchange Server is bound to a forest, and therefore one Exchange Server Organization is connected to one Active Directory forest. In a programming scenario this would be called a class.
When an object, like a user, is created, it is instantiated from the user blueprint in Active Directory.
Regardless of the number of domains that are configured in Active Directory, all domain controllers use the same Configuration Partition in that particular Active Directory forest. As such, it is replicated throughout the Active Directory forest, and all changes to the Configuration Partition have to be replicated to all Domain Controllers.
All Exchange Server information is stored in the Configuration Partition.
Domain Partition — this contains information regarding the domains installed in Active Directory. Every domain has its own Domain Partition, so if there are 60 domains installed there will be 60 different Domain Partitions.
Free Exchange Training Materials
User information, including Mailbox information, is stored in the Domain Partition. The Administrative Groups were stored in the Configuration Partition so all domains and thus all domain controllers and Exchange servers could see them.
All servers in the organization are installed in this Administrative Group.
Permissions are assigned to Security Groups and Exchange administrators are member of these Security Groups. But what is an Active Directory site? Both locations have their own Active Directory Domain Controller, handling authentication for clients in their own subnet.
Active Directory site links are created to control replication traffic between sites. Two subnets in Active Directory, one for the main office and one for the Amsterdam Datacenter.
Exchange Server uses Active Directory sites for routing messages between sites. This concept was first introduced in Exchange Server , and nothing has changed in Exchange Server To have Exchange Server and Exchange Server work together in one Exchange organization, some special connectors have to be created — the so called Interop Routing Group Connector.
It is also possible to move from a mixed Exchange Server and Exchange Server environment to Exchange Server Try Backup for Workgroups to backup your Exchange Server. Although rumors have been circulating for more than 10 years that the database engine used in Exchange Server will be replaced by a SQL Server engine, it has not happened yet.
Messages from the Internet are delivered to the Edge Transport Server role and, after anti-spam and anti-virus services, the messages are forwarded to a Hub Transport Server on the internal network. Connect to the target Exchange server.
The Web Server installation wizard allows you to verify your selections.. Even installing Exchange Server into an existing Exchange Server or Exchange Server environment is not that hard!
As a result of the flattened database schema, Microsoft has removed Single Instance Storage SIS from Exchange Server , but the improvements in performance are much more significant, and more-than-adequate compensation for the comparatively minor loss of SIS.
The Unified Messaging Server role provides users with the following features: Call Answering — this feature acts as an answering machine.
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