Bapsi Sidhwa's Novel Ice-Candy-Man: A Feminist Perspective Abstract: Bapsi Sidhwa (b. ) is a Pakistani novelist of Parsi descent who writes in English. About Us | Editorial Board |Submission Guidelines |Call for Paper Paper Submission | FAQ |Terms & Condition | More . IJELLH Volume V, Issue XI. of Ice Candy Man and produced film named ' Earth'. Ideology about Partition: Bapsi Sidhwa is a potent in voice among the modern feminist writers.

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PDF | The Indian sub-continent partition in is the miraculous and greatest This study mainly focused on three novels which are Ice Candy Man, Train to. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Ice-Candy-Man | The story of the upheaval of the partition of India seen through the eyes of a Parsee girl growing up in. absorbing and most important work, The Ice-Candy-Man, seeks to contribute to and responses of the female characters of The Ice-Candy- Man are resonant.

I hold the vile, truthinfected thing between my fingers and try to wrench it out: but slippery and slick as a fish it slips from my fingers and mocks me with its sharp rapier tip darting as poisonous as a snake.

I punish it with rigorous scourings from my prickling toothbrush until it is sore and bleeding. There has been Papoo's marriage but Lenny feels lonely without Ayah. By now Lenny has become mature both in body and mind. Lenny's Godmother is an influential lady. She loves Lenny, she has established a network of espionage in Lahore.

She has information from each corner of Lahore. One day, Lenny's cousin comes with a news that he has seen the Ayah in a taxi dressed like a film actress. After a few days, Lenny too sees Ayah in a car. Now she tells everyone about it and the search for Ayah begins.

One Monday, Lenny visits her Godmothers house to tell her about the Ayah. She is told about the Ayah's husband's visit to Godmother's house in the evening. Lenny finds it difficult to wait for the evening. At six o'clock, the bridegroom of Ayah arrives. He is none but Ice-Candy-Man, now dressed in flowing white muslin. He recites a verse from Urdu poetry and greets everyone.

He informs that she is married to him and has been accepted in the family of dancers. Godmother scolds him for illtreating Ayah and let her be raped. But he confesses: I am a man! Only dogs are faithful! If you want faith, let her marry a dog. Destroyed her modesty! Lived off her womanhood! And you talk of princes and poets! You're the son of pigs and pimps! Lenny has been listening to all this. She is angry with Ice-Candy-Man to such an extent that: There is a suffocating explosion within my eyes and head.

A blinding blast of pity and disillusion and a savage rage. My sight is disoriented. I see Ice-Candy-Man float away in a bubble and dwindle to a grey speck in the aftermath of the blast. Repentence, grief and shock are compressed into the mould of his features. Lenny insists of going with her to Hira Mandi.

Title of Ice Candy Man by Bapsi Sidhwa

They reach Hira Mandi in a tonga. They are led in a well-decorated room with the fragrance of sprinkled flowers. Ice-Candy-Man brings his Mumtaz, the Ayah dressed as a bride before them. Lenny is shocked to see sadness in Ayah's eyes. Lenny observes: "Where have the radiance and the animation gone? Can the soul be extracted from its living body?

Her vacant eyes are bigger than ever: wide-opened with what they have seen and felt She,buries her head in me and buries me in all her finery; and in the dark and musky attar of her perfume.

Now Ayah pleads that she will not live, here anymore and she must go. Godmother asks her to think over it again but Ayah Mumtaz insists of going back to her relatives in Amritsar. The visitors return after assuring Ayah that she will be rescued. Lenny's cousin asks her about a Kotha and her impression of it. Lenny understands by Kotha to be a place of dancing girls. By now Lenny also understands that "the potent creative force generated within the Kotha that has metamorphosed Ice-Candy- Man not only into a Mogul Courtier, but into a Mandi poet.

No wonder he founds poetry as if he popped out of his mother's womb spouting rhyming sentences. One day a police party comes to Hira Mandi and takes Ayah away from. Ice-Candy-Man visits the camp to see his beloved but is beaten up badly by the Sikh sentry. Now IceCandy-Man has become a dejected, wandering lover searching for his lost love. He has acquired a new aspect: "that of a moonstruck fakir who has renounced the world for his beloved.

One day, Lenny learns that Ayah has been shifted to Amritsar with her family there. IceCandy-Man has also followed her across the Wagah border into India to pursue his love. The novel ends on this sad and tragic note. The novel contains a number of poignant scenes alongwith scenes of murder and violence.

The novel deals with "the bloody partition of India through the eyes of a girl Lenny growing up in a Parsee family, surviving through female bonding and rebellion.

He is in love with the ayah of Lenny. He is a man of varied interests. During winters when the sales of ice-candies decrease, he becomes a birdman. He plays a number of roles to amuse people. He speaks on politics of his days and imitates them.

He is then transformed into "a metamorphosed character adopting a poetic mould, confessing that he belongs to 'Kotha'the royal misbegottens located in Hira Mandi.

After the riots, icecandy-man saves the ayah and later she is sent to Amritsar with her parents.

The icecandyman remains a lovelorn lover. Jagdev Singh shows that through the Ice-CandyMan, Sidhwa shows the changing patterns of communal discord: The change from the pattern of communal discord to that of reconciliation is, however, traced in the person of the Ice-candy man. Though his role in the cataclysmic event of Partition is painted in lurid colours, his growing passion and love for Ayah is shown to redeem him from the morass of senseless communal hatred. From a rough and rustic man, always ready to nudge Ayah the Ice-Candy Man becomes a person of refined sensibility; he steeps himself in poetry.

When Ayah is wrenched away from him and sent to Amritsar, he follows her across the border. That the Ice-Candy-Man is willing to leave the land, that he so much cherishes, for the sake of his Hindu beloved, is not only an example of self-sacrifice but also symbolic of a future rapprochement between the two warring communitiesthe Muslims and Hindus.

Though Bapsi Sidhwa shows the possibility of the emergency of a harmonious pattern of communal relations between the Hindus and Muslims sometimes in the future, yet she leaves much unsaid about how the change in the Ice-Candy-Man's personality comes about. Thus, the novel Ice-Candy-Man shows how the'raw emotions in simple people can transform them into extremists.

Their perception of outer reality is different from those who manipulate things to suit to their selfish interests. The novelist shows the impact of the trauma and shocking sights which the Ice-Candy-Man witnesses. He sets out to avenge the genocide of his Muslim brothers.

The novel like other novels of Partition emerges as a compelling study of character and event, irrespective of caste bias and religious affinity.

The story of the novel revolves around this central character.

He belongs to Hira Mandi of Lahore, the streets of the dancing girls. His mother had been one of them and his early years shaped his personality according to his tastes. He is a jolly and friendly person. He is a gifted poet, rather poetic in his interaction with others. He would recite a couplet from Urdu poetry whenever required. He is an ardent lover of the Hindu Ayah of Lenny.

He is a regular visitor of Lenny's house forAyah's sake. He is fascinated by the charm and 7 Page-Bapsi Sidhwa beauty of Ayah. In summers, he sells ice-candy and in winters, he becomes a birds-man who sells sparrows and birds. The first half of the novel presents the Ice-Candy-Man as a jovial and life-loving person.

He is known for his warmth and good-nature.

This is one side of his personality. One incident transforms the peace-loving ice-candy man into a selfish man and a savage. He happens to be on the Lahore railway station when the train arrives from Gurdaspur.

It doesnot carry passengers but dead bodies of Muslims. There are no women but bags full of chopped female breasts. This barbaric scene shocks him and he loses his sanity.

He runs in the streets of Lahore to avenge the death of Muslims. During the riots, he takes active part in killing Hindus and Sikhs the worst part comes later. He joins a mob of Muslim goondas looking for Hindus. They stop in front of Lenny's house and enquire about the Hindu Ayah. The faithful servant Imam Din lies by saying that she has left for Amritsar. Lenny out of her innocence points towards the right direction. Ice-Candy man's trick works.

They drag Ayah from inside and is forcefully abducted. It is only after a couple of weeks that Ice-Candy-Man marries her.

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But the damage has been done. Ayah is raped by many persons for days and now she has to stay in the locality of prostitutes of Hira Mandi. Lenny realizes the consequences of telling a bare truth.

She is filled with a deep sense of remorse and repentence. She even injures her tongue for telling the bitter truth. Now Ice-Candy-Man also realizes his mistake. He wants to make her happy but she is heartbroken.

She tells Godmother of Lenny that she wants to go to Amritsar. He has become a wandering woe-begone lover looking for his beloved. The story of the novel shows how racial identity and religious orientation can play havoc with the life of a person like Ice-Candy-Man. Lenny Lenny is the child-narrator in the novel.

She is just like Chaucer's persona in tilling the stories. This device of narrator has been extensively used in modern fiction. Lenny is the daughter of a Parsee gentleman and she suffers from a limp inone leg. Even after surgery, conditions donot improve. She lives in a close and compressed world. She is a keen observer. Her physical movement is restricted due to her infirmity.

Ice candy man.docx

It is only her Hindu Ayah Shanta who is her true companion. When Shanta is abducted, she feels herself Ayahless and alone in the world. The novel also shows the child Lenny growing from a child into a young woman. Bapsi Sidhwa records even the small details in Lenny's life.

In fact, Lenny is like a projector 8 Page-Bapsi Sidhwa through which one is able to see the internal world of Lenny and her response to external reality in a magnified form. The narration of the story is in the first person and Lenny takes the readers into her private and intimate world. The novel is also a tale of Lenny's disillusionment and failure to reconcile with external reality which is bitter and unbearable.

She is sharp, beautiful and responsible. She is Lenny's mentor and guide in this harsh world. Ayah has a number of admirers. Irrespective of religion, they all adore her. The communal riots in Lahore also transforms Ayah. She becomes an easy victim and is raped by angry Muslims. Ice-Candy-Man has killed her soul and her warmth is gone. Now he tries his best but his betrayal of his beloved has burnt their world of dreams and romance. She observes: "Where have the radiance and the animation gone?

Her vacant eyes are bigger than ever: wide-opened with what they have seen and felt. Explain to her I will keep her like a queen I will make her happy. She asks Godmother to send her to Amritsar with her relatives. Godmother is a very influential lady and after a few days, Ayah is sent to Amritsar. Pillai's novel Chemmeen. The novel ends on a sad note.

Bharucha, Mr. They are parts of Lenny's world. Bapsi Sidhwa, is at her best while delineating character sketches with their aspirations, moods and frustrations.

Everything that happens to them is perceived and felt through the eyes of the child-narrator Lenny. Characterization in Ice-Candy-Man is superb with psychological insight into human behaviour and human nature.

Sidhwa also shows how a feeling of communal hatred transforms good people like ice-candy-man into savages.

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It was an event that not many can forget. Families were torn apart, toddlers were left orphaned. The partition holocaust wrought havoc on all as communalism made people go wild. The tragic and momentous event has stirred the creative imagination of many writers, who weaved the fabric of tragic tale highlighting untold and unbearable atrocities of communal violence between the Hindus and the Muslims.

The literature that made its appearance during the partition of Indo-Pak Subcontinent highlights the grim details of bloodshed and untold tales. We can observe people, who were alive then did not write about it, either because the hurt is still fresh, or they were ashamed of what happened to them or the evils they did to the others. The young writers tend to skip through it because of the emotional and political connotations a novel based on partition might have.

Bapsi Sidhwa is one of such writer, who made their appearance in the colonial literature like a shooting star. Through IceCandy Man Bapsi Sidhwa has skillfully narrated the documentary details of historical perspective of partition; she seeks to explore and unravel the breakdown of intercommunal networks and most importantly addresses a larger historical question national leaders failure to realize a united India.

This fair and impartial historical perspective is indispensable because the novel has been cast against the backdrop. Ice Candy Man focuses on the thematic paradigm of partition theme ,the disintegration of social mores with the advent of partition has been brought out , it also evinces demonstrates the beguiling impact of communal forces hell-bent on whipping up the frenzy, and a study of inferiority complex.

The twenty-two chapters of Bapsi Sidhwas novel, Ice-Candy-Man sparkle with a whole world teeming with numerous details surrounding day-to-day life with all its political, social and religious import.

The partition theme in Ice Candy Man has been acknowledged variedly by many critics and magazines. In The New York Liberty Journal, it has been commented in the following words: - The originality and power of Sidhwas splendid novel on the partition of India and the subsequent communal violence derived from her choice of protagonist; Lenny, an eight-year-old Parsee girl from Lahore, a spectator living in the midst of, but a part from, the rising tension among Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs.

The partition saga in Bapsi Sidhwas Cracking India originally Ice Candy Man in light of current political, religious, and social tensions in India and Pakistan, a more appropriate title could easily have been, The more things change, and the more they stay the same. Critics on Bapsi Sidhwas work. Ironically, its adaptation in, Earth, by Deepa Mehta, attests to its timeliness. The nave observations of the young girl about startling images of violence, fear and hatred intensify considerably for the readers.

The co-mingling of innocence and experience allow the reader to view this extremely confusing and unstable chapter of Indian history through a simpler lens, a more objective voice. The people in Lennys life are reduced to physical or spiritual characteristics. People from different religions be it a Hindu, Muslim or a Sikh are painted in the colors of callousness and hatred that they espouse for each other. Religion to the young narrator is nothing but a superficial label, as characters switch from one to the other with such nonchalant ease.

She talks about the colossal pain and sufferings of people cutting across the boundaries of religion and nationality, the latter being a concept, which was just being forced upon them from high up.

The real good about the Ice Candy Man, is the universal appeal it has, it can fit in per se to the happenings in Northern Ireland, Bosnia or for that matter till now strife-ridden Afghanistan.

Sidhwa says in his nature man has not changed much as he always keep fighting for one or the other thing, sometimes he fights for religion, for land, for women, for position, for greed or sometimes just for the sake of it. Superficial things have come to take a center stage in our lives, something that robs from us the basic premise of our existence.

Through Cracking India, Bapsi Sidhwa has indeed brought to life the spiritual, emotional, and very real implications of the partition of India. In so doing, she has cracked the riddle of India and revealed to us the cultural difficulties that plagued South Asia before, during, and after its split from the British and the creation of Pakistan.

In an interview, Bapsi Sidhwa, while commenting upon the theme of Partition her works, she remarked:- I wanted to write about the partition precisely because so little has been written about.

I spent time visualizing a scene from the time of partition The roar of distant mobs was a constant of my childhood: it was a sound that terrified me, because I knew they were doing evil- About major themes in Ice Candy Man, She said:Love exists in its many forms and faces throughout the book.

There is the cruel, pitiless face of love, and the warmth of the love between Godmother and the child, Lenny. The caring and nurturing love between Ayah and Lenny, between the mother and Lenny. Even Slave sister and Godmother, in spite of their constant bickering, have a strong bond. Sidhwa effectively establishes how religious fundamentalism with its stinking tradition affected the two nations in general and women in particular. She shows the brutalities which communal frenzy causes.

Even friends and lovers turn hostile. Before the riots break out all communities live in peace and harmony and are not conscious of their religious identities.

However, when the riots break out everything undergoes a change. Almost all male characters are presented as communal, indifferent, apathetic and destructive in the novel.

Ice-Candy Man

Bapsi Sidhwa aptly shows the inexorable logic of Partition which moves on relentlessly leaving even sane people and friends helpless and ineffective.

Pir Pindo, a Muslim village is attacked by Sikhs. Muslims in the village are killed, their women gang-raped. Men, women and children are mercilessly butchered. Only Ranna,, a small boy escapes. Ranna, wounded, runs for life when the Sikhs attack Pir Pindo. The massacre of Pir Pindo presents perhaps the vilest side of communal discord. This episode has been mentioned at length by Bapsi Sidhwa to highlight and condemn the communal violence and bigotry: His rages clinging to his wounds, straw sticking in the scalped skull, Ranna wondered through the lanes stealing chapattis and grain from houses strewn with dead bodies rifling the corpses for anything he could use…No one minded the semi-naked specter as he looked in doors with his knowing, wide-set peasant eyes.

This incident so horrifies Dilnawaz that his communal and obscurantist passions are aroused. When there is news of trouble at Gurdaspur, the Ice-Candy-Man and his friends at once interpret it as: This is best exemplified in the rage of Ice-Candy-Man who states: I hated their guts. And God help us if we are stuck with Sikhs. Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian!

We will abide by the rules of their land. When the riots break out Ayah, the protagonist, becomes a victim of the lust of the uncivilized and frenzied mob. Mad with the rage, he throws Ayah into the hands of the frenzied mob: They drag her by arms…her bare feet- that want to move backwards-are forced forward. Such acts of violence are an intimate destruction of the feminine. Similarly the Sikh families are also attacked in Lahore.

Prakash and his family migrate to Delhi and Rahool Singh and his pretty sisters are escorted to a convoy to Amritsar. The moneylender Kripa Ram flees leaving guineas and money behind. Hari, the gardener, is circumcised and converted to Islam for protection. Moti, the sweeper, opts for Christianity, the Masseur is butchered grotesquely, markets and houses are burnt and living beings are torn asunder.

Thus Partition is shown as a series of images and events depicting human loss and agony. The dislocation of settled life is aptly revealed by Lenny: Only hordes of Muslim Refugees. And what happens if they break it where our house is? Or crack it further up on Warris Road? She worriedly remarks: One day everybody is themselves — and the next day they are Hindus, Muslims, Sikh, Christians.

People shrink, dwindling into symbols. Bapsi Sidhwa artistically shows the human loss in Partition: Within three months seven million Muslims and five million Hindus and Sikhs are uprooted in the largest and the most terrible exchange of population known to history.

The Punjab has been divided. The novel artistically describes the mindless Partition violence and focuses on its socio- historical consequences to women. Ice-Candy-Man enables the reader to understand the extent of the trauma of Partition and review it in its historical context, and thus suggestively delineates the fruitlessness of violence in individual and collective lives.

It looks at Partition as a means of spreading disharmony which resulted in frenzy and chaos. The sense of violence and venomous hatred of friends who had rationalized about the impossibility of violence have harrowing impact on every character in the novel.That the Ice-Candy-Man is willing to leave the land, that he so much cherishes, for the sake of his Hindu beloved, is not only an example of self-sacrifice but also symbolic of a future rapprochement between the two warring communitiesthe Muslims and Hindus.

Set in s India, during the time of independence and the partition, Cracking India brings to life the deeply religious, national, social, and economic tensions marking both historical and current Indo-Pak political dynamics.

Colonel Bharucha is Lenny's doctor. They are all Muslims. After the riots, icecandy-man saves the ayah and later she is sent to Amritsar with her parents. Before the riots break out all communities live in peace and harmony and are not conscious of their religious identities.

Pakistani historians concentrate on the central role of Jinnah and the importance of the ideology of Pakistan. Lenny's Godmother is an influential lady. In fact. Lenny realizes the consequences of telling a bare truth.

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