O ERRO DE DESCARTES EBOOK

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O Erro De Descartes Ebook

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The O Erro could encounter his mechanics to his new t in context to use that. In my Internet, one of the best ebooks 's in answering by model. He can understand . Não sou uma leitora prolifera em matérias como a que é abordada por António Damásio neste livro, mas também não é a minha primeira leitura sobre o tema. O Erro de Descartes: Emoção, Razão e Cérebro Humano (Paperback). Published December by Publicações Europa-América. Colecção Fórum da .

The key thing to repeat to yourself as you write your papers is I could be wrong. Reflect this lack of absolute certainty in your writing: 1. Signal the subjectivity of your claims by using the 1 st person In my opinion, X is the case. Next, appreciate the eagerness of the academic community to seriously consider your ideas and point out their flaws.

This may appear to be mean-spirited indeed, some students seem to revel in this activity, perhaps as a way for them to feel smarter or superior , but it should not be. Central to Descartes assertions were the lack of intention behind errors in thinkingwe dont intend to make mistakes, but we do. Therefore, we test our ideas publicly and actually invite criticism. It makes our ideas stronger and strengthens the credibility of our academic community.

Therefore, you will notice that most writers include opposing, contrary voices in their texts although they usually do respond to those opponents rather than let the audience decide for themselves. Finally, recognize that the ownership of ideas is a useful construct because those ideas are fallible.

If an idea were perfect, it would need no ownerwe wouldnt need to find the paper where it was first presented, respond to the author, or trace its evolution. But because we regard every idea as fallible, a way of keeping track is rather helpful.

Rene Descartes was a 17th French philosopher and scientist, often called the father of modern philosophy. Descartes argued that 'mind' is an essence that exists independent of 'brain' - this is known as 'Cartesian Dualism.

Damasio illustrates this Rene Descartes was a 17th French philosopher and scientist, often called the father of modern philosophy. Damasio illustrates this through numerous examples, drawn from patients who've exerienced brain damage due to trauma or disease, and emerged from the experience with a new personality and mental abilities.

Given the evidence, it's very difficult to argue that the 'mind' or 'soul' is a non-material essence that exists independent of the physical structure of the brain. Nov 27, Sean rated it it was amazing.

I read Descartes' Error as an undergraduate. In grad school, I learned that my advisor's wife herself a neuroscientist of some renown had a very poor opinion of Damasio's work. However, by that point, this book had already changed my life.

Damasio provides here a popular account of research in neuroscience that started with the famous case of Phinneas Gage, who, upon having a railroad spike shoved through his head by an explosion, changed from being an upstanding, reliable citizen into a scurri I read Descartes' Error as an undergraduate.

Damasio provides here a popular account of research in neuroscience that started with the famous case of Phinneas Gage, who, upon having a railroad spike shoved through his head by an explosion, changed from being an upstanding, reliable citizen into a scurrilous bastard with a gambling problem.

From this, as well as experimental work with other victims of brain damage, Damasio draws the conclusion that "reason" as we typically think of it is not an abstract process, but a fundamentally embodied one: My interest in cognitive science and neuroscience were the natural outgrowths of my interest in computers and science fiction. I grew up, as did most people of my generation, with the metaphor of the mind as a computer, executing logical programs in a way that would have made Aristotle - and Descartes - proud.

I knew from studies of psychology how apparently irrational the human mind could be, but until I read this book, I always thought the mind was, fundamentally, a separate thing from the body.

This book convinced me they are, at least as we implement them, inseparable. Jan 07, Corey rated it really liked it Shelves: I had an unusually ambivalent reaction to this book and alternated between being fascinated and being, well, slightly bored. I'd say that the book is good and the author has some excellent insights, but he gets a little long-winded at times and tends to meander. For the curious, Descarte's "error" was the separation of mind and body, and consequently, an artificial dichotomy between rationality and emotion.

Damasio makes an excellent case on neurological grounds that rationality simply doesn't w I had an unusually ambivalent reaction to this book and alternated between being fascinated and being, well, slightly bored. Damasio makes an excellent case on neurological grounds that rationality simply doesn't work without emotion.

View 2 comments. Feb 03, Ade Bailey rated it it was amazing. Having read and become involved with his later books, I have gone to the first in a series which explains the difference between emotion and feeling, which makes the mind and body one again, and which profoundly disturbs the comfortable idea of any but conventional separation of 'reason' and the passions.

Damasio is of the 'sufficient but not necessary' strand when it comes to looking at the relationship between brain and mind: I'm a little puzzled as to why he looks forward to a time when 'we' will understand such a thing as aesthetic response.

I am not sure, for one, that we are much further than Plato in beginning to understand aesthetics so finding even neural correlates with 'aesthetic states' seems conceptually doomed; more importantly it feeds into the current neuromanic slop that assumes with the intellectual grasp of a five year old that a mood state, a feeling, something like an aesthetic adjective are simple labels to 'things' that exist with the solidity of a stone.

As I say, Damasio is aware of the dangers but sometimes, apart from inserted disclaimers, his enthusiasm for his subject tends to imply that while he is very good on the brain he has less of a grasp on the psychology, and of the immense conceptual complexities of enculturation.

For all sorts of reasons though, I'll give this five stars - not least because it's enjoyable and a highly accessible primer to some of the basic anatomy and hypothesised functions of the brain, and, most importantly, its embodiment: View all 4 comments. Aug 05, Laura Grabowski rated it it was amazing Shelves: I was captivated and fascinated by this book, start to finish.

The book addresses the importance of emotion in cognition, thus pointing out Descartes' error in separating mind from body. I recommend this book to anyone interested in cognition, psychology, philosophy, arts, or I was captivated and fascinated by this book, start to finish.

I recommend this book to anyone interested in cognition, psychology, philosophy, arts, or science -- basically, to just about anyone. Jul 19, Nathan rated it really liked it. Ignore my bias of working in a body-centered cognitive neuroscience laboratory whose nascence was likely inspired by researchers such as Demasio , but Demasio's theory resonates as a particularly well-informed "big-level" brain theory. I've read a number of others who attempt to explain away a lot of the mysteries of the brain by big-level theories, but Demasio turns out to build one of the more compelling set of explanations based mostly on evidence from his years of research in dissociation s Ignore my bias of working in a body-centered cognitive neuroscience laboratory whose nascence was likely inspired by researchers such as Demasio , but Demasio's theory resonates as a particularly well-informed "big-level" brain theory.

I've read a number of others who attempt to explain away a lot of the mysteries of the brain by big-level theories, but Demasio turns out to build one of the more compelling set of explanations based mostly on evidence from his years of research in dissociation studies in neurology.

Where others fail by skirting the issues of how neural structures and organization can lead to self consciousness and the link between mind and body, Demasio succeeds. His message is simple: The fallout from this main thesis is that proper "cool-headed reasoning", decision making, and logical thought is influenced by emotion, and vice versa.

This symbiosis theme continues as we are taught to remember that the brain is part of the body, and the body is part of the brain. Forgetting the strong coupling between the two is denying the reality of the situation. A brain in a vat is no brain at all. Stylistically, Demasio writes an engaging tale.

The book is meant for a general audience, but I guess that most people unfamiliar with the brain structures, competing theories, and the general debate in philosophy of mind will find the content a bit heavy and must re-read certain passages. The book sags a bit in the middle editor please! I won't delve too much into the implications for neuroscience, but Demasio's claim only makes our task to describe the brain all the more difficult. He sides with high-level theorists, pointing out that no matter how well we understand the constituent units of our neurological system, it is not sufficient to describe behavior until we account for the whole picture.

This means that every high-level experiment needs to understand that behavioral results can be not only task-related but also influenced by background emotion, something difficult to measure and control.

He's successfully left me with some new ideas and has made a compelling thesis. View all 5 comments. May 24, Joshua Stein rated it really liked it Shelves: Damasio's book is terrific, and works both as an introduction and a good guide for those studying neuroscience and cognitive science.

The scientific case studies are easily accessible and thorough it features, by far, the most thorough assessment of the Phineas Gage case that I've come across as are the discussions of circuitry. Damasio does use some unqualified terms, but he does a reasonable job at keeping the very technical discussions brief or relatively well qualified by the context of th Damasio's book is terrific, and works both as an introduction and a good guide for those studying neuroscience and cognitive science.

Damasio does use some unqualified terms, but he does a reasonable job at keeping the very technical discussions brief or relatively well qualified by the context of the case studies.

There are a lot of areas that Damasio glosses over, but that is largely because he is attempting to cover a fairly massive scope, in terms of science.

The text really is about the science, and it is only towards the end that Damasio really begins to address the philosophical assessment, at all. There are some interesting methodological considerations for those who are approaching this book from the "philosophy of mind" bent, as I am.

I strongly recommend paying attention to Damasio's relatively interchangeable use of functions usually seen as properties of mind, and the the circuitry of the brain. Damasio is a brilliant writer, and there is a lot of thought put into that particular assessment of causal relationships. The assessments of evolutionary psychology are very interesting, though I do have some skepticism with regard to some of Damasio's claims about genetics and the development of the brain, as he is not entirely clear about the role of genetics in the emergence of structures in the brain.

That is really nit-picky, though. I think that, overall, this is one of the best books on the subject that I have come across.

I really like Damasio's writing style, though the asides can be a little rough, and feel a bit disjointed. Overall, this is a terrific overview of the science and the repercussions on philosophical theories, both historical and contemporary.

Damasio doesn't present this as a screed against Descartes which would be gratuitous, as writers like Dan Dennett have already beaten that horse well to deal at this point but instead allows his account of the brain to be taken in its proper philosophical context. Definitely a terrific text. Oct 21, Jon Stout rated it really liked it Recommends it for: Antonio Damasio has written a fascinating book, taking as his point of departure a nineteenth century case of a man named Gage who had an iron spike neatly blown through his brain in a mining accident.

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Gage seemed to retain all of his faculties, amazingly enough, but failed in his later life due to emotional problems. Damasio, a neurologist, uses the case to explore the relationship between emotions and the neurological structure of the brain.

A friend recommended this book to me because of our m Antonio Damasio has written a fascinating book, taking as his point of departure a nineteenth century case of a man named Gage who had an iron spike neatly blown through his brain in a mining accident. A friend recommended this book to me because of our mutual interest in the philosophical problem of free will, especially as illuminated by the nature of the emotions.

Damasio addresses these problems by showing how emotions are related to a particular portion of the brain ventro-medial cortex , and how emotions function on a basic level as instinctual non-voluntary responses to environmental situations. As animals evolve or as human beings grow up, the brain develops these instinctual responses to have a conscious, cognitive component free, rational thinking while still using the mechanisms of the primitive instincts.

Damasio reacts to Descartes by criticizing his mind-body dualism, although this is old hat. Seemingly everybody since Descartes has knocked the dualism and still made use of the mind-body distinction.

My favorite part is Damasio's discussion of how one's emotional life plays an important part in rational thinking, by recalling bodily feelings which give a coloration to this line of reasoning or that.

My analogy would be that emotions are like the sound box of a guitar, which gives timber and resonance to the vibration of the strings. John Dewey quotes George Santayana as talking about the "hushed reverberations" which give richness to life. These are the emotions, as Damasio describes them neurologically. View 1 comment. Dec 07, Julian rated it did not like it.

Nov 02, Jeremy Lent rated it it was amazing. Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness published in Through Damasio, Phineas Gage has become a household name in certain households! And what sense does my distinction of conceptual and animate consciousness make if conceptual consciousness is fundamentally connected with animate consciousness? In fact, though, my approach is not only consistent with Damasio, it relies squarely on the work of Damasio and others for its evidence.

From an evolutionary perspective, the oldest decision-making device pertains to basic biological regulation; the next, to the personal and social realm; and the most recent, to a collection of abstract-symbolic operations under which we can find artistic and scientific reasoning, utilitarian-engineering reasoning, and the developments of language and mathematics.

Highly recommended for anyone with an interest in gaining a serious understanding of human consciousness. Dec 06, Tippy Jackson rated it really liked it Shelves: This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. I was just finishing up chapter 8, the somatic-marker hypothesis. I find this idea fascinating! What it made me think of, interestingly enough, was my old Social Science class.

My teacher had said that we are born with only a few innate behaviors and everything else is learned. Because we are learning everything we know, it is so deeply ingrained in us, that even when we actively try to be objective and to sort of turn off our cultural bias, it is impossible.

He pointed to the book Return to Lau I was just finishing up chapter 8, the somatic-marker hypothesis.

He pointed to the book Return to Laughter as an example. He was explaining that this is one of the biggest challenges of anthropology.

But after reading this hypothesis, it makes me think of that again. Not only is much of what we know and do culturally learned, but what we learn is even marked in our brain to help us make quick decisions! Or rather our brain connected specific classes of stimuli with specific classes of somatic state, and our automated somatic-marker device is based on the "education to the standards of rationality of that [our: I appreciate its thoroughness and originality.

I picked this book up because I've seen it referenced over and over again in many animal intelligence or animal mind books and I wanted to see what the fuss was about. That being said, I'm coming at this book from a zoologist perspective, not a neurologist perspective, so I haven't really been keeping up with current ideas in the brain science world.

So far, reading what I have has made me want to go and look up more current research on this idea. This book was published in '94, but it seems that many more current books are referencing it and now I'm really curious to find out if these ideas have been tested more or what other ideas there are out there.

Also, I love that he opened with Phineas Gage and his use of case studies is very helpful. Having finished the book now, there are a few other things he brings up which I found interesting.

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He distinguishes between pain and suffering, which is referenced in animals in translation. Essentially, he explains that suffering has an emotional component.

Pain can be simply the physical responses, i. He uses examples from humans who have had a leucotomy. Also, he defines the difference between feelings and emotions. He explains that what we refer to as the mind cannot exist without receiving feedback from the body as he ponders the "brain hooked up to electrodes" question. A very intriguing book exploring the relationship between reason and emotion.

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Having grappled with how the two can complement each other for most of my life, I'm digging it. The author uses historical medical examples of bizarre cases of brain damage, such as the story of Phineas Gage, a construction foreman from the s who survived a 3-foot metal rod passing through his head, suffering nothing but blindness in his left eye physically but a whole slew of mental and emotional problems due to t A very intriguing book exploring the relationship between reason and emotion.

A razão das emoções: um ensaio sobre "O erro de Descartes"

The author uses historical medical examples of bizarre cases of brain damage, such as the story of Phineas Gage, a construction foreman from the s who survived a 3-foot metal rod passing through his head, suffering nothing but blindness in his left eye physically but a whole slew of mental and emotional problems due to the precisely localized brain damage.

Fascinating stuff. Jan 09, Cris rated it it was amazing. This is a 25 year old book. Despite that, its insights about the necessity of emotions to function as a human being, and further more to act in a rational manner is still relevant and illuminating. I enjoyed it! Mar 07, Jon Boorstin rated it really liked it Shelves: Damasio takes advantage of some bizarre accidents to discover new things about the brain.

Mainly, that decision making isn't rational, but involves a leap of faith. Very persuasive, and it jibes with William James's Will to Believe. Provate a immaginare quel che era accaduto: Sapere ma non sentire: Quindi ecco la risposta a chi continua a chiedermi: I discovered Antonio Damasio with "Looking for Spinoza" in The book captivated, stimulated and entranced me.

Since then I have read extensively in the realms visited by Damasio which were new to me: Spinoza himself was an old friend.

Somehow there was always something more enticing than "Descartes' Error", his first book. It has been on my list for over a decade, and practically every book in this general area mentions it, thus enticing me more. Recently Sam Kean's "Dueling Neurosurgeons" pushed me hard enough.

I ordered the book, and now have read it. Much of the first part was familiar territory, as other authors have since quoted Damasio and cited his work extensively.

As one goes deeper into the argument he evincesand he clearly explains he is advancing an argument for understanding the mind, and what he writes is not holy writone gets caught up in the nuances and conflicts which have entered the world of neuroscience in the 20 years since "Descates' Error' was published.

One also realizes how much of a revolution in thought Damasio caused, and what an inspiration to others he has been. I thought that viewed from today's lofty peak that is a joke the most valuableor perhaps more accurately, most compellingparts were at the end. His thoughts on medicine, medical training, scientific co-operation, and the future of neuroscience still resonate with a freshness which borders on tragic. An entire generation has passed and all too much of what he contemplates not only remains unresolved, but has been aggravated.

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A monumental work, seminal, still relevant, still invigorating, this is Highly Recommended. Dec 20, Michelle Marvin rated it it was amazing. I'll be honest, I'm shocked that I liked this book as much as I did!

I've read Damasio's book, "Self Comes to Mind" 4 times through now, and I'm very at odds with many of its premises and claims. Having read that book first, I approached "Descartes' Error" with an antagonistic stance, ready to fight Mind and body are integrally connected, I'll be honest, I'm shocked that I liked this book as much as I did! Mind and body are integrally connected, rationality is intertwined with emotion, the neocortex is built upon and draws from, but is not superior to on its own, the subcortical levels of the brain, etc.

It is a shame that an otherwise reductionist and objective though strangely vitalist tone comes to dominate his later work, but that's for another review. I know there are differences among opinions in the reviews given here, but I personally loved his mix of quick-read narratives and scientific prose. Some of his hypotheses i. I love the earlier Damasio, and this book has convinced me to give further investigation into more of his previous works!

Oct 18, Rob rated it it was amazing Shelves: Damasio takes on Descartes: More accessible if you're well-versed with brain anatomy. Damasio explains how body and brain constantly construct the image of our "self", changes in body states we perceive feelings , and how reason and emotion use the same equipment.

The book constantly warns against any sort of reductionism. I wasn't well-versed with brain a Damasio takes on Descartes: I wasn't well-versed with brain anatomy, knowing only the big chunks e.In either case, we react to the memory and reject the undesirable outcome.

We are so close to reaching our goal. Send the link below trastornos metabolicos email or IM Copy. Reyes Murcia, E. Julio Cortzar ; El diablo en el campanario. I would suggest skipping whatever seems boring or overly technical without guilt, and focusing on the amazing case studies and anecdotes. Be the first to add this to a list.

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